The Orthodox world celebrates the Holy Trinity
Today, Orthodox Christians around the world celebrate one of their main holidays – the Holy Trinity – the fiftieth day after the Resurrection of Christ
Pentecost is celebrated on the fiftieth day after Easter, so it is also called Pentecost. On this day the Church commemorates the descent of the Holy spirit on the apostles.
Trinity is a very beautiful holiday. Houses and temples decorated with twigs, grass, flowers. And this is no coincidence. Herbs, flowers symbolize life. So people Express joy and gratitude to God for what He has revived them through baptism into a new life.
Historically, for the decoration of churches and houses use twigs of birch, Linden, stem of calamus. In some districts festive trees were oak, maple, mountain ash.
Traditionally, the Trinity is celebrated noisy and fun. In the morning rush to the Church for a festive service. And after that arrange of folk dances with fun, games, songs. Definitely cooked loaves. For a holiday dinner guests convened, made each other gifts. In some areas, organized the fair.
With the revival of faith revived and traditions of the celebration of the Orthodox holidays.
The celebration of the Holy Trinity, or Pentecost, as the feast of the Passover, has its roots in old Testament times. On the fiftieth day after the old Testament Passover (the day of the Exodus of the Jewish people from Egypt), at mount Sinai, Moses gave his people the law of God and founded the old Testament priesthood. So this day became the day of Foundation of the old Testament Church.
In a similar way, Pentecost is associated with the new Testament Passover, because on the fiftieth day after his resurrection from the dead, and on the tenth day after his ascension to his Heavenly Father, Jesus Christ sent the Comforter to the apostles – the Holy spirit. The descent of the Holy spirit to all mankind was given the Holy law of love and approved by the new Testament priesthood. The Zion chamber in which the Holy spirit in the form of tongues of fire descended on the apostles, was the first Christian Church as the day of Pentecost was the day the Foundation of the earth the new Testament Church.
Originally, Pentecost was celebrated with Easter, as one closely connected with her spiritual experiences, but already in the third century, according to the testimony of ancient Church writers, this day is surrounded by customs and rituals that required little time for its initial development and is a widespread Christian holiday.
In the “Apostolic Decrees” historical literary monuments in its different parts to the period from the III-IV century, on behalf of the apostles says “ten days after the Ascension is the fiftieth day from the first day of the Lord (Easter); this day let there be a great holiday”. Elsewhere Apostolic decrees in the number of days that slaves should be free from work after Easter and ascension is mentioned and Pentecost.
From the IV century the mention of Pentecost and how the Holy Easter period, and how about a special holiday, become a frequent, if not common. The law of the Byzantine Emperor Theodosius the Younger prohibits a public spectacle during the holidays of Passover and Pentecost. Among the saints John Chrysostom and Gregory the theologian have conversations on the day of Pentecost. John Chrysostom mentions the custom of this day to decorate the house with greenery.
From IV reached us a detailed description of the prayer on the day of Pentecost in Jerusalem Church passed a Western pilgrim Sylvia. This description of the night of Pentecost happened regular Sunday vigil in the Church of the Resurrection, and, as in every Sunday, the Bishop was reading the Sunday gospel. At dawn the people went to the main Church (Martyrum), where he was preaching, and committed the usual Liturgy, which I was trying to finish the third hour of the day (about 9 am). After the Liturgy, all the people and the Bishop went with songs to Zion’s hill. There was read from the Acts of the apostles about the coming of the Holy spirit, been preaching about it and committed another Liturgy, after which the archdeacon invited people in the sixth hour to gather on the mount of olives. Before this time the people went home to rest.
Then on the mount of olives was a religious procession to the place of the ascension of Jesus Christ, and there was read the Holy Scripture, sung songs and antiphons appropriate to the festive day and place. Then in the 9th hour was praying in the Church of the cave where Christ taught the apostles, there have been and evening service. From there, everything again went to Macrium and the city gates were already included in the night, where the procession was met with lots of lights. In Macrium, the people came in the second hour of the night (about 7pm), where songs were sung and prayers were read with the blessing of the catechumens and the faithful. Then again praying at the Church of the Resurrection, and finally there was a religious procession to Zion where there were read, sung Psalms and antiphons. Everything ended around midnight, so the Service lasted almost continuously for almost the whole day. Something like this only happened on the night of good Friday.
The oldest known rite of the divine service on Pentecost dates from the seventh century, is the Jerusalem rite, largely coinciding with evidence of Sylvia. In the VIII century by John Damaskin Cosmo Maskim composed canons at Pentecost. By the ninth century is full rite of Worship on Pentecost in the great Charter of the Church of Constantinople (St. Sophia). The Liturgy of Pentecost under this Statute one of the most solemn of the year.
The Liturgy of the Day of the Holy Trinity, almost in its present form, developed during the XI-XIII centuries.