Bulgaria – Holidays and festivals
Bulgaria — an Orthodox country living in the Gregorian calendar. In common with the Russian Orthodox Church is only the date of Easter and all other holidays conform with the Catholics.
Holidays and folk customs — an integral part of national cultural heritage. They are related to lifestyle and economic activity, mainly agriculture.
1-2 January-New year. Baptism (6). January 8 — «Indian day”. Women replace men in their traditional leisure activities (parties and circles), men sit at home. The traditional feast, common to the Bulgarians and Northern Greece.
National Day of freedom and independence (3)
May day/labour Day (1)
Day of the Bulgarian army/ may 6 — St. George day and army day.
MA — the Day of the Cyrillic alphabet. Dedicated to the memory of educators Cyril and Methodius.
The Trinity Monday (day after Pentecost) the Feast of corpus Christi (approximately 8 weeks after Easter)
A celebration of unity (6) independence Day (22)
National flag Day celebration (26)
National Day of ever living leaders (1)
The year starts with the New year celebrations. It is believed that the more a food is, the more successful the coming year. A mandatory attribute of the holiday — Patty with kasmati (layer cake, which is baked a coin and small wood (dogwood tree) objects of different shapes, bringing happiness. And on the first day of the new year, children go from house to house, congratulate the owners of the holiday, Pat them on the back decorated with dogwood branches and utter wishes for health and prosperity. As a reward, they receive money and sweets. It is an ancient custom, called the boys as.
February 14 — the day of winegrowers Trifon Zarezan. Grape vines are pruned and sprinkled with wine to ensure that the harvest was abundant.
March 1st is the day of Baba Marta, one of the most beloved national holidays. On this day all give each other martenitsa — decorations of red and white threads. They are used to decorate clothing, but also tied on the wrists. To remove these kind of bracelets are called to protect from disease, can only after you see the first swallow or stork. This ancient Bulgarian ritual marks the beginning of spring.
March 3 — the Day of freedom. The main national holiday dedicated to the liberation from the Ottoman yoke.
In the last week before lent carnivals are held Koukeri. Men in masks with the image of fearsome beasts and with a heavy bells on straps dance (jump) to the music. Their dances are accompanied by laughter from the audience. In the West such arrange carnivals and Christmas after the New year.
On the eve of palm Sunday celebrate Lazarus Saturday — the celebration of young girls, called Lasergame. Floral wreaths, they go from house to house, dancing and singing. It is believed that in this way they become the brides.
In Bulgaria there are many Orthodox who observe lent, preparing for Easter and its fun celebrate: dance, sing songs.
May 6 — St. George day. For the holiday cook lamb (agneska on gerlowski) and bake a special loaf (he adorned made of dough with a cross and wreath). And after the meal — folk games and entertainment: dances, swing suspended from the limbs of trees swings, etc. June 2 — the Day of Hristo Botev. The poet and the Governor is a national hero of Bulgaria. He died at age 28 in 1876 in battle with the Turks. Smooth 12.00 throughout Bulgaria Pro-Hodge a moment of silence. Hear the bells ringing and blaring. The traffic stops.
The biggest party of the summer — The day of the solstice, or Enoden (June 24). On this day, harness big fires, hopped the young guys. And they put arrows, sending them home in his beloved ones. On this day, it is also customary to gather herbs. The year ends with the Christmas holidays.
September 9 — liberation day (1944). The main holiday of the former socialist Bulgaria, tied to the day of liberation from fascism. In fact, Bulgaria was a German ally in world war II and its release was just the end of fighting on its territory. Now not widely celebrated.
September 22 — independence Day of Bulgaria. Celebrated on the anniversary of the proclamation of the sovereign Bulgarian Principality on September 22, 1908. Until that time, the Bulgarian Principality formally depended on the Ottoman Empire.
December 25-26 — the Nativity.
May — the international children’s festival in Krushari. June — spring dances and songs in Dobrogea and Balchik. July — summer festival Dubovica.
The beginning of June — the rose festival (Kazanlak). Accompanied by folk songs and dances.
September — Folk festival Dobrudscha district in Tervel, international student film festival.