Hinamatsuri – girls holiday
On March 3 in Japan there is amazing and very beautiful holiday Hinamatsuri (doll Festival) or girls Holiday. Hina is a little paper doll.
To this day in every family, where there is a girl, arrange a special exhibition of dolls Skins (human image). The dolls put on a special stand hinamatsuri, similar to the slide and consisting of 3, 5 or 7 steps and covered with scarlet cloth.
At the top, amid the gilded folding screens, giriama pair dolls of the Emperor and Empress in ceremonial robes of brocade or silk. The Empress in dvenadcatiletnej clothes – 12 kimono. This is the most expensive and beautiful dolls in any collection. On either side of them are the lanterns, and the middle tray with the sacred tree, decorated with paper festoons. At lower levels of the dolls are ladies that hold supplies for pouring sake; musicians performing ancient Japanese court music gagaku, they sing, play the flute, pounding the drum; Ministers and officials, bodyguards and servants – a total of at least 15 dolls. All dolls are dressed in ancient ceremonial outfits. At the sixth and seventh steps of the Palace exhibited objects of everyday life (miniature furniture, a sedan, a wagon, boxes, utensils and food).
Doll festival coincides with the flowering peach – Momo-but Sacco and because hinamatsuri be decorated with flowers peach: they symbolize gentleness, meekness, grace, femininity, spokoistie – the best features of the female character, which are key to happiness in marriage. When the family of a girl is born, there is no better gift than dolls for exhibition and grandparents on the mother’s side give the ning with regards to the girl grew healthy. Very often – doll is hand-made from expensive materials, and the secrets of many masters and their families are kept secret. Sometimes these are real works of art and therefore they are incredibly valuable. They are passed from generation to generation, as the dowry of his daughter, cherish as family treasures.
By 3 March and decorate the room to where is the exhibition of dolls: the ceiling hung balls made of artificial flowers cherry blossom and tangerine tree. Each ball is decorated with hanging silk cord. Everything you need for decorating homes can usually be purchased at special fairs, the so-called hin-ichi (puppet bazaars), which are held in February. At such fairs come not only to buy something, but also to bring the fun, meet with friends.
In addition to the pleasures of the holiday has educational value. On this day, the girls dressed kimono with a floral pattern, like real ladies, we go to each other’s homes, give and receive gifts, have some special sweets: multi-colored Hissi mochi, cookies, Hina, arare (lush special sweets made of rice, covered in sweet syrup), shirozake (sweet white sake, which is prepared by thoroughly mixing the rice malt brewed with rice and a couple of strong vodka) and admire the dolls. So girls are taught the rules of etiquette, the concept of character traits that should be possessed by a woman, and the ability to relate to valuable things, restraining their desires and whims. In the Feast of dolls perfectly wonderful game, poetic perception of the world and traditional upbringing.
The puppet show lasts about a month. There is a belief that cannot be placed puppet for long, because it alienates the welcome hour of marriage, so all items are carefully Packed and stored until next year.
Very interesting history of this festival, which spans over a thousand years.
On the one hand, in ancient times on the first day of the third moon (day of the snake, hence the second name of the holiday – Jesi-but sekku, the celebration of the first day of the snake) performed a magic ritual of deliverance from diseases and misfortunes Hina-okuri: did paper dolls nagashi Bina (“doll, which is down by the river”), then performed the rite of transference of evil, unhappiness on the dolls, which rubbed them on the body of a child and threw the doll into the running water or burned to all the sickness is gone along with the doll. On the other hand in the late 8th century in Japan was a popular children’s game Hina-asobi (the game in the household paper dolls). The kids played 2 young pupae, symbolizing male and female. The game was tied with magic, marriage, and dolls depicted the bride and groom.
Playing dolls and religious rites gradually come together, Hina skins took on its form, and by the mid 14th century the appearance of Hina the training session was completed. To this day in many regions, from Tottori Prefecture, there is a custom to throw into the river or the Creek the doll.
The art of making and honoring decorative dolls, known in the times of the huiyang district. Sy sengon in his “Notes at the head” suggests that one lady “produced as a gift to the Emperor several beautiful dolls like a noble youth. Growth in five vershoks, they were dressed in ceremonial clothes, hair brushed straight with a side parting and curled tresses over her temples. Writing on each doll her name, she presented them to the Emperor”.
The name Hina skins appeared in the Edo period (1603-1867), and the national doll Festival began with the second quarter of the eighteenth century. It is believed that his popularity, he owes 8th Shogun of the Tokugawa dynasty – Simone (1677-1751), who had many daughters. Then we add the custom to arrange in this day, in houses where there are girls, exhibition richly dressed dolls depicting the life of the Imperial court. Modern holiday kit Hina skins in the form of the Imperial court, was compiled at the end of the Edo period and included dolls from Kyoto and Edo. Originally the feast was celebrated only at court and among the military class, but soon became very popular among ordinary people.